# Mathematicians

# Overview

## Introduction

A *mathematician* solves or directs the solution of problems in higher mathematics, including algebra, geometry, number theory, logic, and topology. *Theoretical mathematicians* work with the relationships among mathematical forms and the underlying principles that can be applied to problems, including electronic data processing and military planning. *Applied mathematicians* develop the techniques and approaches to problem solving in the physical, biological, and social sciences. Approximately 2,580 mathematicians are e...

## Quick Facts

Median Salary

Employment Prospects

Minimum Education Level

Experience

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Personality Traits

## Earnings

Mathematicians' income varies with their level of training and the work setting in which they are employed. Median annual earnings of mathematicians were $101,900 in May 2018, according to the U.S. Department of Labor. Salaries ranged from less than $57,150 to more than $160,550. The average yearly salary for mathematicians (including statisticians) in the federal government was $112,600. The a...

## Work Environment

The mathematician in industrial and government positions usually works a regular 40-hour week. Those who work in educational settings may have varied schedules. For both, the work environment is generally pleasant and typical of the modern, well-equipped office. The work may require long periods of close concentration. Professional mathematicians who work with or near computers usually work in ...

## Outlook

Overall employment of mathematicians is expected to grow by 26 percent, much faster than the average for all careers, through 2028, according to the U.S. Department of Labor. However, strong competition is expected for jobs since the mathematics field is so small. There will be more jobs in applied mathematics (and related areas such as computer programming, cloud computing, operations research...