Environmental scientists use physical science (such as biology, chemistry, and geology) and social science (including conservation and resource management) to study and assess the environment in relation to the impact human activity has on it as well as damage incurred through natural processes. Their work is also used to ensure environmental laws and regulations are being met and to help prevent violations before they occur. Environmental scientists specialize in various areas such as air, soil, and water, and use different tools a...
Minimum Education Level
In May 2018, environmental scientists earned median annual incomes of $71,130, according to the U.S. Department of Labor. The top 10 percent earned $124,620 or higher, and the lowest 10 percent made less than $42,520. Those who worked for management, scientific, and technical consulting services averaged about $78,570 per year, while those who were employe...
The work environment for environmental scientists varies: some days they may work indoors in comfortable, clean laboratories, running tests and analyzing data; other days, they may be outside at an industrial site or in a rural area, collecting air, soil, or water samples. Scientists are detail oriented and follow strict procedures and precautions to prevent possible exposure to hazardous condi...
Employment for environmental scientists and specialists is expected to grow 8 percent through 2028, according to the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL), or faster than the average for all careers. Scientists will find many opportunities particularly in private-sector consulting firms. Additionally, growth in the world's population is causing greater demand for environmental and water resources, whi...